The Regional and Local Influences on the Architecture of the Ottoman Mosques in Aleppo: Behram Pasha (al-Bahramiyya) Mosque as an Example

Ruba Kasmo
Faculty of Architecture and Design, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey.


Conforming to the established norms of the imperial architectural style, the congregational mosques of the 16th-century Ottoman complexes in Aleppo exhibited a radical break from the mosque architecture of the city with their centralized ground plans, hemispherical domes, and cylindrical minarets. However, they were not exact copies of those in the capital, instead, they were products of multi-leveled interactions among the center, the region, and the province. Through a historical and architectural analysis of Behram Pasha mosque, locally called al-Bahramiyya, this paper aims to clarify these influences and their deepness. It also presents the damages induced by the recent conflict in the city and the mosque’s current conservation condition.
Key Words: Syria, Aleppo, Built Heritage, Mosque, Ottoman, Architecture, Conservation


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Corresponding Author
Ruba Kasmo,
Faculty of Architecture and Design,
Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakif University,